General information

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, between Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. The larger region of Bosnia occupies the northern and central parts of the country, and Herzegovina occupies the south and southwest.

Bosnia and Herzegovina share boundaries with Croatia on the north, west, and south, Serbia and Montenegro on the east, and the Adriatic Sea on the south, with a total boundary length of 1,459 km.

Approximately 50% of the land is forested.

The capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, is located near the center of the country.

The country's population is 3.84 million, most of whom are Bosnians, then Serbs and the least of all are Croats and all three languages are spoken.

Islam is the majority faith in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the other population identifies as Christian. There is a small Jewish community as well.

Although situated close to the Mediterranean Sea, Bosnia and Herzegovina are largely cut off from its climatic influence by the Dinaric Alps. The weather in the Bosnia region is generally mild, though it can be bitterly cold in winter. The region's climate has given Bosnia and Herzegovina a wealth of diverse flora and fauna.


National holidays in Bosnia and Herzegovina – non-working:

1 January              New Year’s Day

2 January              New Year’s Day (Day 2)

6 January             Christmas Eve (Orthodox)

7 January             Christmas Day (Orthodox)

1 March                  Independence Day

Variable                Good Friday

Variable                Catholic Easter Day

Variable                 Orthodox Easter Day

1 May                       Labor Day

2 May                     Labor Day (Day 2)

Variable                End of Ramadan

Variable                Feast of the Sacrifice

25 November      National Day

25 December      Christmas Day (Catholic)