General information

  • Greece
 

There are probably, very few people that haven’t heard of Greece and the great Ancient Greek culture and thankfully to the preservation, today’s visitors have the opportunity to trace the “fingerprints” of the Greek history from the Paleolithic Era to the Roman period in the hundreds of archeological sites, as well as in the archeological museums and collections that are scattered throughout the country. From the famous playdate of Gods on Mount Olympus, the formation of the Greek City-States, the creation of the Greek alphabet and the composition of the Homeric Epics, through the Golden Age, when the Macedonians, led by Alexander the Great expanded the Greek territory all the way to Indus River to the East, and after that, the Roman period, are all irreversibly stamped in the long and wide Greek history book.

Around 6.000 islands and islets, scattered in the Ionian, the Mediterranean andthe Aegean Sea, the Balkan peninsular mainland and the Peloponnese Peninsula are the three geographic areas that make the territory of Greece. Crete, Rhodes, Corfu, the Dodecanese, and the Cyclades are considered the most famous and popular islands and island clusters in Greece, and maybe even the world. The country lies at the meeting point of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. It borders to the North on Bulgaria and Macedonia, to the Northwest on Albania, to the Northeast on Turkey, to the West it is washed by the Ionian Sea, to the South by the Mediterranean Sea and to the East by the Aegean Sea. Eighty percent of the country consists of mountains or hills, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe; furthermore it has 16.000 kilometers of coastline of which a great part are found around the thousands of islands, a truly unparalleled phenomenon on the European continent.  The capital of Greece is Athens, which is also the largest city in the country, followed by Thessaloniki. The official language is Greek, the currency - Euro and the time Zone - GMT+2. Its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, makes the country’s climate mostly Mediterranean.

National holidays in Greece – nonworking:


January 01                  New Year’s Day


January 06                 Epiphany


February 19                Orthodox Ash Monday (movable)


March 25                      Independence Day


April 06                        Orthodox Good Friday (movable)


April 08                        Orthodox Easter Sunday (movable)


April 09                        Orthodox Easter Monday (movable)


May 01                           Labor Day


May 27                           Orthodox Whit Sunday


May 28                           Orthodox Whit Monday


August 15                      Assumption Day


October 28                   Ohi Day


December 25              Christmas Day


December 26 –2nd Day of Christmas