Biosphere Reservation of Srebarna
In 1983 the lake Srebarna was included in the list of sites of global natural and cultural inheritance of UNESCO. The aim is to preserve the biological diversity with which the lake had been famous among the Bulgarian and the European scientific society since the beginning of the 20th century.
The floating reed islands where the birds build their nests are another interesting attraction. In 1965 the reservation was included in the list of the most valuable damp areas in Europe, and in 1975 it was declared a damp area by the Ramsar Convention. A Museum of Nature and Science was built on the reservation where stuffed animals which have inhabited the lake can be seen.
Another interesting attraction is the option for the tourists to observe the birds by a video camera, placed in the lake. An eco-path is made around the reservation, where the visitors can enjoy the pleasant view from specially constructed observation platforms.
Golden Sands Natural Park
Five special and five tourist routes have been developed for tourists and nature lovers. They present the biological and landscape diversity of the site and they are suitable for hiking, natural cognitive tourism, biking, children’s tourism, photo tourism, tourism for people with special needs. Recreational sites are built along the routes and there are many viewing places in the park, which reveal the sea, the park and resort panoramas.
National Park “Central Balkan”
Central Balkan is one of the most pleasant places for walking tourism in Bulgaria. Places for relaxation, options for observation of beautiful views and sites are constructed for tourist attraction. Specialized routes are developed, such as: 10 routes for horse riding, 4 for cycling, routes for observation of birds, plants, large mammals, cultural and historical tourism, speleological tourism, photo-safari and alpine routes. The visitors of the national park can enjoy Bulgarian cuisine and the hospitality of the people, as well as the specific folklore and various crafts.
National Park Rila
There are more than 100 peaks on the territory of the park, with an altitude of over 2000 meters; the highest peak in the country and on the Balkan Peninsula is among them – the Musala peak (2 925 meters high).
The beautiful landscapes and the rich flora and fauna, have contributed for an important tourist development. The park offers a special zone, called Intensive Tourism Zone, which includes a network of paths and shelters, as well as accommodation options facilities, located in the park. There is a wide range of activities for tourists: horse riding, cycling, skiing on specified routes, camping, mountaineering, etc. A botanical trail was built for the wild nature lovers. There are 4 reserves in the national park, among them Parangalitsa, included in the list of biosphere reserves under the program “Man and Biosphere” of UNESCO, in March 1977.
Natural Park Vitosha
Vitosha Mountain is preferred place for resting for many residents of the capital. It is also a popular destination for the admirers of winter sports. There are two ski centers in the mountain- Aleko and Konyarnika. The total length of the tracks on the mountain is 29km, as the longest of them is 5km long. The tracks are suitable for advanced, as well as for beginner skiers. The required installations are available on all ski tracks: a number of seat lifts, one cabin lift, starting from the outskirts of Vitosha and almost reaching the mountain top.
Pirin National Park
The park includes one of the oldest reserves in Bulgaria, included by UNESCO on its list of reserves as part of the “Man and Biosphere” program in 1977. Within the park there is a wide variety of plants and kinds of animals, as well as 40% of all the bird species in Bulgaria.
Despite the different types of tourism offered, such as hiking, mountaineering, cycling, skiing and cultural tourism, the park’s main information center in Bansko (one of the most popular Bulgarian ski resorts), houses an interactive exhibit of the park’s forests with 22 modules, allowing visitors to acquaint themselves with interesting facts about the park’s trees, animals and vegetation. The center also offers lectures prepared by staff experts.
The Pirin National Park is an extremely important resource and visitors take great care to preserve the beauty by not littering. Hunting is strictly prohibited, as is fishing in many of the park’s rivers. Logging is also forbidden, as is tampering with the park’s signs and trail markers.